Annual Inspectitons, Flow testing of pumps, All cross connections and relief/control valves checking, Foam Sample Analysis.
Fixed Foam Systems are an essential component of a ship’s fire safety equipment. These systems are designed to extinguish fires by discharging foam over the affected area, creating a blanket that starves the fire of oxygen. Like other fire safety equipment, Fixed Foam Systems must undergo regular inspections to ensure that they are functioning correctly and can effectively extinguish fires in case of an emergency.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has developed regulations for the inspection of Fixed Foam Systems on board ships. These regulations are outlined in MSC.1/Circ.1312, which provides guidance on the inspection, testing, and maintenance of Fixed Foam Systems.
According to MSC.1/Circ.1312, Fixed Foam Systems must undergo a five-yearly inspection. The inspection must be conducted by a qualified and authorized surveyor who has the necessary expertise and experience to inspect Fixed Foam Systems accurately.
During the five-yearly inspection, the surveyor must carry out a comprehensive inspection of the Fixed Foam System. The inspection must cover the following aspects:
- Fixed Foam Generators: The surveyor must inspect the Fixed Foam Generators to ensure that they are in good condition and can deliver the required amount of foam in case of a fire emergency.
- Foam Concentrate Tanks: The surveyor must inspect the Foam Concentrate Tanks to ensure that they are not corroded or damaged and that they contain the correct type and quantity of foam concentrate.
- Foam Proportioning System: The surveyor must inspect the Foam Proportioning System to ensure that it is functioning correctly and can deliver the required proportion of foam concentrate and water.
- Distribution System: The surveyor must inspect the Distribution System to ensure that it is in good condition and that the foam can be effectively distributed to the affected area.
- Discharge Devices: The surveyor must inspect the Discharge Devices, including the foam nozzles and monitors, to ensure that they are not clogged or damaged and can effectively deliver foam to the affected area.
- Control System: The surveyor must inspect the Control System to ensure that it is functioning correctly and can activate the system in case of a fire emergency.
- Instructions and Documentation: The surveyor must inspect the instructions and documentation related to the Fixed Foam System to ensure that they are up to date and reflect the current configuration of the system.
Once the inspection is completed, the surveyor must provide a detailed report that outlines the findings of the inspection, any repairs or replacements that need to be carried out, and any recommendations for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the system.
In conclusion, the five-yearly inspection of Fixed Foam Systems is critical for ensuring the safety of the ship and its crew. These inspections help to identify any potential issues with the system and ensure that it is functioning correctly in case of a fire emergency. It is important to ensure that the inspections are carried out by qualified and authorized surveyors who have the necessary expertise and experience to conduct these inspections accurately. By following these regulations, ship owners can ensure that their Fixed Foam Systems are functioning correctly and can effectively extinguish fires in case of an emergency.